P@ul’s Grammatical Drills

P@ul’s Coaching Home নামে আমার একটা কোচিং সেন্টার ছিল। কোচিংয়ের স্টুডেন্টদের লেকচার শিট দিয়ে পরাতাম। কিছু শিট এখনও আমার কাছে রয়ে গেছে। সেগুলি এক-এক করে আপনাদের সাথে শেয়ার করছি। কিছু ভুল থাকতে পারে। ক্লাসে পড়ানোর সময় শিটের ভুলগুলি শুধরে দিতাম। তবে এখন সময়ের অভাবে সেটা করতে পারলাম না। আপনারা পড়ার সময় একটু কষ্ট করে শুধরে নিয়ে পড়বেন।

আরেকটা কথা। এক্সারসাইজগুলির কোনও সল্যুশন শিট আমি কখনওই বানাইনি। ক্লাসে ইন্সট্যান্টলি সল্ভ করে দিতাম। তাই, আপনাদের কষ্ট করে নিজে সল্ভ করে-করে পড়তে হবে।

1. ABIDE by, with (a person), in, at (a place)–I shall abide by your decision. Abide (dwell) with me, O Lord. I shall not abide long in Calcutta, or at Bankura. 2. ABOUND in (used before both the container and the contained), with (used before the contained only)-Wild animals abound in Indian forests. Indian forests abound with wild animals (or, in good timber). 3. ABREAST of, with-Read newspapers to keep abreast of or with the latest developments. 4. ABSENT from (a place)-He was absent from the meeting. 5. ABSOLVE (one) from (blame), of (sin)-I absolve you from blame. The priest absolved him of sin. (POD & COD). 6. ABSORBED in—-He is absorbed in thought (deeply engaged. 7. ABSTAIN from –I shall abstain from smoking 8. ABUT on –The building abuts on the temple. 9. ACCEDE to—I cannot accede (agree) to your request. 10. ACCESS to-We have free access to him (right of approaching) 11. ACCESSIBLE to-He is accessible to all. 12. ACCEPTABLE to-Your offer is acceptable to me. 13. ACCLIMATIZE to-They will need some time to get acclimatized to the new surroundings. 14. ACCOMODATE (one) with (a loan), (one-self) to (circums¬tances)-He accommodated me with a loan. We should accommodate ourselves to circumstances. 15. ACCOMPANIED by (a person), with (a thing)–I was accompanied there by my friend. He is suffering from fever accompanied (combined) with a headache. 16. ACCOMPLISHED in -The girl is accomplished in dancing. 17. ACCORD to, with-They accorded (gave) a grand reception to the leader. Your story accords (agrees) with his. 18. ACCORDING to; (In) ACCORDANCE with-According to (or, In accordance with) your orders I went there. 19. ACCOUNT (verb) for, ACCOUNTABLE (responsible) to (a person) for (an action)- I have to account for this money. We are accountable (responsible) to God for our deeds. 20. ACCRUE (fall) to (one), from (a thing)-Great benefit will accrue to the country from the measure. 21. ACCUSED of-He was accused of theft. 22. ACCUSTOMED to-I am accustomed (used) to such a life. 23. ACQUAINTED with-I am acquainted with him. 24. ACQUIESCE in-He acquiesced in (agreed to) the proposal. 25. ACQUIT (one) of-I acquit you of the charge. 26. ADAPTED to (one’s ability), for (a purpose), from (the original)-This work is not adapted to (fit for) my abilities. This story is adapted for school boys from a story of Rabindranath. 27. ADD to-Add this to that. 28. ADDITION to; (In) ADDITION to – There has been an addition to their family. During my absence, he will look after my job in addition to his own duties. 29. ADDICTED to-He is addicted to wine. 30. ADEPT in-He is adept (proficient) in music. 31. ADEQUATE to-This amount is adequate to (sufficient) our wants. 32. ADHERE to-I still adhere (stick) to my plan. 33. ADJACENT to-His house is adjacent (close) to mine. 34. ADJOURNED to, for-The meeting was adjourned (put off) to Sunday next (or for a week). 35. ADMIT of (excuse)-Your conduct admits of no excuse. 36. ADMIT (one) to, into (a place, class, etc.)-He was admitted into the room. He was admitted to class VIII. 37. (To take) ADVANTAGE of, (to gain) ADVANTAGE over-He took advantage of my absence to steal my book. He gained an advantage over me in the race. 38. ADVANTAGEOUS to–The new rule is advantageous to us. 39. ADVERSE to-Your plan is adverse (against) to our interests. 40. AFFECTION for, towards (POD); AFFECTIONATE to, towards-He has affection for or towards me. He is affectionate to or towards me. 42. AFFINITY between (two things), of (one thing) for (another), to, for-There is an affinity between the two languages. The affinity of milk for water poses a problem. I feel a strong affinity to or for him. 43. AFFIX to, on (COD)-Affix this stamp to or on the letter (attach). 44. AFFLCTED with (a disease), at =He is afflicted with (suffering from) gout. She is afflicted at the death of her son. 45. AFRAID of—I am afraid of him. He is afraid of doing this. 46. AGOG with-The boys were agog with excitement at the start of the match. 47. AGREE with (a person), on (a point), to (a proposal)—I agree with you on this point. “I agree with what you say” I agree to your proposal. 48. AGREEABLE to-The climate of this place is agreeable to me. 49. AHEAD of–He reached here ouch ahead of the scheduled time. The boy soon got ahead of the others. 50. AIM at – He aimed at the flying bird. 51. AKIN to–My feeling for him is akin to pity. 52. ALARMED at, by, for–We are alarmed at (or, by) the news. 53. He is alarmed for my safety. 54. ALIEN (foreign) to; ALIENATED from-Such rudeness is alien to his nature. He has been alienated (separated) from his friend. 55. ALLIGHT from (a vehicle), at, on—He alighted from the car at the park. The bird alighted on the house top. 56. ALIGN with–The people aligned with (extended close operation) the police to fight the dacoits. 57. ALIVE to, with-I am alive to (conscious of) my danger. “The river is alive with boats” (POD). 58. ALLEGIANCE to- You must show allegiance (loyalty) to your leader. 59. ALLIANCE or ALLIED with, ALLIED to– England has formed an alliance with [or, is allied with (united with)] France. The thing is allied to (of the same nature as) that. 60. ALLOCATE to-The money was allocated to the club for social work. 61. ALLOT to-Fifty shares were allotted to (assigned) me. 62. ALLUDE to-He alluded (referred) to the story in the speech 63. ALTERNATE with; ALTERNATIVE to- Light alternates with darkness.This question is alternative to that. 64. AMATEUR at – He is an amateur at painting. 65. AMAZED at- I am amazed (overwhelmed with wonder) at your conduct. 66. AMBITION for; AMBITIOUS of-I have no ambition for fame. I am not ambitious of fame. 67. AMENABLE to-He is not amenable to reason. 68. AMOUNT to–What does the total amount to? 69. AMUSED at, by, with (POD)-I am amused at or by or with your story. 70. ANALOGY to or with (something), between (two things); ANALOGOUS with -The teacher explained the mechanism of the `human’ heart by drawing an analogy to or with the pump. The teachers drew an analogy between the human heart and a pump. The mechanism of the nervous system of the body is in a way analogous with the mechanism of a telephone exchange. 71. ANGRY with (a person, for (having done something), at, about (a thing) – He is angry with me for my having done this. He is angry at or about my failure. 72. ANNEX to-Annex this slip to the letter (add). 73. ANNOYED (displeased) with (a person) for (doing something); at (a thing)–He was annoyed with me for my going there. He was annoyed at my conduct. 74. ANSWER (verb) to, for (one’s conduct)-Answer to (reply or respond to) the roll-call. This place answers to (agrees with) the description given in the book. You must answer for (explain) your conduct.¬ 75. ANSWER (noun) to (not of); (In) ANSWER to– The answer to the question is very simple. I said this in answer to his query. 76. ANSWERABLE to (somebody) for (something)–You are answerable to the teacher for your conduct. 77. ANIECEDENT (adj.) to, (noun) of- Happenings antecedent to his disappearance are being examined. The antecedents of the person are not known to me. 78. ANTIDOTE to-What is the antidote (medicine to counteract) to this poison? (Also against, for) (POD)& (COD). 79. ANTIPATHY to, against (COD) —I have an antipathy (strong dislike) to smoking, but not against or to him. 80. ANXIOUS about, for–I am anxious (uneasy) about the result. I am anxious for (earnestly desirous of) the prize. 81. APATHY toward–He has a great apathy towards his studies. 82. APPLOGISE to (a person) for (rudeness)–You must apologize to him for your conduct. 83. APPEAL to (a person) for (redress) against (a decision)–I appealed to him for help. I shall appeal against your decision. 84. APPEND to–A certificate from the Headmaster is appended to the application. 85. APPENDIX to-Please look at the appendix to the main chapter. 86. APPETITE for- I have no appetite (hunger) for food. 87. APPLICABLE to–Is the rule applicable to your case? 88. APPLY to (a person) for (a post)–I applied to him for the post. 89. APPOINT to (a post)-He was appointed to the post. 90. APPOSITION to (Wood), with (MEU under each)-This clause is in apposition to or with that clause. 91. APPREHENSIVE of–I am apprehensive (fearful) of failure. 92. APPRISED of-We were duly apprised (informed) of the event. 93. APPPROPRIATE to -Your remark is not appropriate to do (fitting) the occasion. 94. APPROVE of-I approve of your action. 95. APT in, at—He is apt (clever) in mathematics, or at (quick) figures. (COD has only at after the word). 96. APTITUDE for–I have no aptitude (talent) for music. 97. ¬ARGUE with (a person), about or over (something), against or for (something)–I do not want to argue with you about (or over ) the decision. He argued against (or for) the bill. 98. ARRIVE at–Ultimately they arrived at a conclusion. 99. ASCRIBE to—-Don’t ascribe any motive to my action. 100. ASAHMED of—I am ashamed of your conduct. 101. ASK (a thing) of (a person) —He asked a loan of me. 102. ASK (a person) for (a thing) —He asked me for a loan. 103. ASK about, after–He asked about or after you. 104. ASPIRE after or to (POD)-I do not aspire after (or to) a high post (desire something high). 105. ASPIRANT to-My friend is an aspirant to the post of the Principal. 106. ASPIRATION for, after-I have no aspiration for (or after) riches. 107. ASSENT to—I assented (consented) to the proposal. 108. ASSIGN to–He assigned the task to me. 109. ASSIST in–I assisted him in his duties. 110. ASSOCIATED with (a person) in (a business)-He was associated with you in the plot. 111. ASSURE of–He assured me of his help. 112. ASTONISHED at-I was astonished at your courage. 113. ATONE for-You must atone for (make amends) your sin. 114. ATTACH to -Attach this slip to the letter. 115. ATTACHMENT for—I have an attachment for the children of the school. 116. ATTACKED by (a person), with (fever)-He was attacked by robbers on the way. He has been attacked with fever. 117. ATTAIN to-He attained to (reached) greatness by dint of perseverance (Also without to). 118. ATTEND to, upon, at-Attend (listen) to your teacher. I attended upon (served or looked after) the patient. We attended at the station for him (also without at). 119. ATTENDED by (a person), with (a thing)-He was attended by his servants. The task is attended with difficulty. 120. ATTRIBUTE (a loss) to (a person)-He attributed the loss tome (held me responsible for it). 121. ATTUNE to-Their minds were attuned to this music. 122. AUTHORITY for, on, of, with, over, to-What is your authority for such a statement? He is an authority (expert) on politics. I say this on the authority of the Oxford English Dictionary. He has no authority (personal influence) with or over this brother. Only the Secretary has an authority to make payments. 123. AVAIL (take advantage of)(oneself) of; AVAILABLE to-I availed myself of his help. His help was available to me. 124. AVAILABLE to (somebody) for (a purpose)-The records are available to the auditors for scrutiny. 126. AVENGE on-He will avenge himself on you. 127. AVERSE from, to (POD & COD)-He is averse (disinclined) from or to work. 128. AVERSION to –Do you feel any aversion to mixing with them? 129. AWARE of–He is aware of the fact. 130. BAN (noun) on; (verb) from-There is a ban on the play. He was banned from entering the club. 131. BAR to-There is no bar (obstacle) to his trying for the post. 132. BARE of-The field is bare of (without) grass. 133. BASED on -What he says is based on truth. 134. BEG (a thing) of (a person)-He begged the favour of me. I beg of you to keep quiet. 135. BEG (a person) for (a thing)-He begged me for the favour. 136. BEG for (a thing) from (a person)-He begged for help from me. 137. BEHAVE towards-Behave kindly towards the poor. 138. BELIEVE in-I do not believe (have faith) in his honesty. 139. BELONG to-This book belongs to me. 140. BENEFICIAL to-Exercise is beneficial to health. 141. BENT on-He is bent on going (determined to go). 142. BEQUEATH to-He bequeathed (left by will) his all to me. 143. BEREFT (deprived) of-Bereft of children, he lives a lonely life. 144. BESET with-He is beset (surrounded) with dangers. 145. BESTOW on-May God bestow (give) His blessings on you¬ 146. BEWARE of-Beware (take heed) of the enemy. 147. BIAS against, towards–I have no bias (prejudice) against him (or towards anything particular). 148. BLESSED with, in—He is blessed with (i.e., possesses) good health. He is blessed (i.e. happy) in his children. 149. BLIND of, in (an eye), to (consequences)–He is blind of or in both the eyes. He is blind to his son’s faults. 150. BLUSH at sight or word, with or for joy or shame, for another (COD) —He blushed with shame at his own mistake. I shall never give you cause to blush for me. 151. BOAST of-Do not boast of your wealth. 152. BORDER on-Your conduct borders on cruelty. 153. BORN of, in-He was born of poor parents. He was born in poverty. 154. BORROW of or from -He borrowed the amount of or from him. 155. BOUND for (home), by (contract), in (honour) —He is bound for (on the way to) England. I was bound by contract to pay the money. I am bound in honour to help you. 156. BOW to-You should bow to your superiors. I had to bow to circumstances. 157. BROOD on or over (COD)-Do not brood (think sorrowfully) so much on or over your misfortune. 158. BURDENED with-He is burdened with a big family. 159. BURST into (tears), out (laughing) – He burst into tears at the sad news. He burst out laughing at my story. 160. BUSY at, in, with, about-He is busy at his desk. He is busy in doing his work (also, without in). He is busy with lessons. He is always busy about nothing. 161. BUY (a thing) of (a person), but from (a shop)-1 bought this thing of him (but bought this from his shop). 162. CALLOUS to-He is callous to (indifferent) my suffering. 163. CAPABLE of; CAPACITY for-He is not capable of hard work. He has no capacity far hard work. 164. CARE for, about (COD), (take) CARE of-He does not care (verb) for me or for wealth, or about the result (has no interest m it). He has no care (n.) for me. Take care of your health. 165. CAREFUL, CARELESS, of, or about-He is careful (or careless) of or about his health. 166. CATER for, to (usually in the sense of pandering, evil inclinations)-The dispensary was set up to cater for the needs of the local people. Some newspapers cater to low tastes. 167. CAUSE of (a preceding event), for (ground or justification for)-What is the cause of your failure? There is no cause for anxiety. 168. CAUTIOUS of; CAUTION against-He is cautious of giving (careful that he may not give) offence. Take proper caution against malaria. He cautioned me against thieves. 169. CERTAIN of; CERTAINTY of, about (POD)-I am certain of it. There is no certainty of or about it. 170. CERTIFICATE of-I want a certificate of character. 171. CERTIFY to (one’s character)-I certify to his honesty. 172. CHARACTERISED by; CHARACTERSTIC of-His plans are characterised by boldness. Boldness is the characteristic of his plans. 173. CHARGE (noun) against (a person), of (a thing)-What is the charge against him? He took charge of the affairs. 174. CHARGE (verb) (a person) with (a fault), on (a person) –He was charged with theft. A theft was charged on him. 175. CHARGE (a payment) to (a person)-Give him one kilogram of sugar and charge the price to me. 176. CHEAT of, out of (POD)-He was cheated of or out of his dues. 177. CLAIM upon or against (a person), to, for (a thing)–I have no claim upon or against him. I have no claim to this money. His claim for damage was accepted. 178. CLAMOUR for-The people are clamouring for more autonomy. 179. CLEAR of (blame)-Keep clear of (free from) wicked friends. 180. CLING (stick) to-He clung to me through my troubles. 181. CLOSE to (adj.)–His house is close to mine (near). 182. CLOSE with (verb)-He closed with (accepted) the offer. 183. CLOTHED with (shame), in, (dress)-Clothed with shame, she left the place. She was clothed in white. 184. CLUE to -Find out the clue to the enigma. 185. COINCIDE with-Your story coincides (agrees) with his. 186. COLLIDE with; (In) COLLUSION with-The lorry collided with the car. He acted in collusion with others to deceive me. 187. COLLABORATE with (a person), in or on (something), (In) COLLABORATION with-The people collaborated with the police in rounding up the dacoits. ‘Collaborate on a biography with a friend.’ The relief work was carried out by the government officials in collaboration with the villagers. 188. CONCUR with (a person) in (his decision) or on (a point)-I concur with you in your decision (or on this point). 189. CONDEMN to, for-He was condemned (sentenced to death for murder. 190. CONDOLE with (a person) on (his loss)–We condoled (sympathised) with him on his loss. 191. CONDUCIVE to-Early rising is conducive to health (helpful). 192. CONFER on, with (a person) about (a matter)-I shall confer (give) a prize on the boy. I shall confer with (consult) him about your prayer. 193. CONFESS to (a sin); CONFESSION of (weakness)-I confess to this weakness. It is a confession of weakness. (Confess is also used as a transitive verb, when ‘to’ is not required.) 194. CONFIDE in, to–Confide in (trust) me. Confide (tell in confidence) your secret to me. 195. CONFIDENCE in -I have full confidence in your ability. 196. CONFIDENT of-He is confident (hopeful) of success. 197. CONFINED in (a room), to (bed)-He is confined in jail. He is confined to bed by gout. 198. CONFORM with (a person) on (views) to (a rule). 199. CONFORMITY to; (In) CONFORMITY with —I conform (agree) with you on this point. Conform to (follow) (or, Act in conformity with) our rules. Conformity to fashion is not essential to the happiness of all women. 200. CONFRONT with–He was confronted with a very difficult situation. 201. CONFUSE with-Don’t confuse (mix up) liberty with license. 202. CONGENIAL to-The climate here is congenial to my health (favourable). 203. CONGRATULATE (one) on (one’s success)–I congratulate you on your success. 204. CONNECTED, or CONNECTION with; CONNECTION between (two); (In) CONNECTION with-I am connected with that paper. He has no connection with me. There is no connection between the two. He came here in connection with an enquiry. 205. CONNIVE at; (with the) CONNIVANCE of ;(In) CONNIVANCE with -He connived at (tolerate) our faults. The plot was hatched with the connivance of (or in connivance with) the authority. 206. CONSCIOUS of -I am conscious of (aware) my weakness. 207. CONSEQUENT on (or upon), or, (In) CONSEQUENCE of- In consequence of the failure of the bank, many people have lost their all. 208. CONSENT (verb) to, (noun) to, for–He consented to my proposal. I gave my consent to the proposal. He gave his consent for the marriage. 209. CONSIDERATION for, (In) CONSIDERATION of–Show some consideration for this youth. In consideration of his youth, he is let off this time. 210. CONSIST of, in–My family consists of (contain) six members. True happiness consists in contentment. (Note that ‘comprise’ is never followed by a preposition) 211. CONSISTENT with (agreeing to)-Your action is not consistent with your principles. 212. CONSPICUOUS for, by-He was conspicuous (remarkable) for his memory. He is conspicuous by absence (to attract notice). 213. CONSPIRE with (others), to (do something), against (somebody) – His enemies conspired with his soldiers to ruin him. They conspired against the leader. 214. CONSULT with (a person) on or about (thing)-I consulted with him (also, consulted him) on or about that matter. 215. CONTACT with-I have no contact with him. 216. CONTEMPORARY of (noun), with (adj.) (of the same time)-Akbar was a contemporary of or was contemporary with Elizabeth. 217. CONTEMPT for, of-I have a great contempt for him. He was guilty of contempt of court. 218. CONTEND with (a foe or difficulties), for (a thing)- fie had to contend (compete) for the prize with or against a strong rival. 219. CONTENTED with-He is contented with a little. 220. CONTIGUOUS to–His house is contiguous (close) to mine. 221. CONTINGENT on or upon-The success of the mission is contingent on or upon (dependent) the reception it gets from the public. 222. CONTRAST (noun) to, between; (in) CONTRAST with – Your action is a contrast to (or, is in contrast with) your profession. There is a great contrast between the two. 223. CONTRAST with (verb) —Contrast (compare) Akbar with Aurangzeb. Contrasted with you, your brother is poor. 224. CONTRARY to-You acted contrary to orders (opposite to). 225. CONTRIBUTE to-Contribute (pay) something to this fund. 226. CONTROL of, over-He has no control of or over himself. 227. CONVERGE on-People converged on the parade ground. 228. CONVERSANT with-I am conversant (well-acquainted) with the history of the case. 229. CONVERSE with (a person), on, about (a subject) (COD)—I shall converse with him on or about the matter (talk). 230. CONVERTED to, into—He was converted to Christianity. My joy was converted into sorrow (changed). 231. CONVICT of–He was convicted of theft (punished). 232. CONVINCE of-I am convinced (satisfied) of your honesty. 233. CO-OPERATE with (a person), in (a task)–I hope you will co-operate with me in this mission. 234. COPE with-I cannot cope with (manage) so much work. 235. CORRESPOND with (a person) about (a thing), to, with-l shall correspond with (write to) him about the matter, ‘The wings of a bird correspond to the arms of a man.’ Your report corresponds (agrees) with his. 236. COUNT for, upon-Our advice counts for nothing (i.e. is of no effect) with him. I count (depend on) upon your help. 237. COUNTER (adj., adv.) to, (verb) with -They acted counter to the leader’s wishes. They countered our proposal with one of their own. 238. COVETOUS of-He is covetous (greedy) of wealth. 239. CRAVE for (COD)-He craves (desires eagerly) for wealth. 240. CREDIT to, with-Credit the amount to my account. Credit my account with the amount. I credit him with good sense. 241. CREDENCE to-I do not give much credence to his report. 242. CULMINATE in-His fortune culminated in his promotion to the post of the Director of the Institute. 243. CURE (v) (one) of (disease); a CURE (n.) for (disease)-He is cured of his disease. Have you any cure for this disease? 244. DAWN on-The truth at last dawned on (became clear to) me. 245. DEAF of an, in one, ear (COD), to (not listen to)-He is deaf of an (or in one) ear. He is deaf to entreaty. 246. DEAL in (trade in) goods; with a person (behave); with a subject (write or talk about it); by or with a person (treat in a specified way)-He deals in rice, but does not deal honestly with his customers. He deals with the subject in his new book. He dealt cruelly by or with me. 247. DEAL out-He dealt out equal justice to all. 248. DEBAR from-He was debarred from (prevented) voting. 249. DECIDE upon, or, against-I have decided upon my plan of action. The case was decided against him. 250. DEDICATE to–He dedicated the book to his mother. 251. DEDUCE from–I deduced (inferred) the truth from his remarks. 252. DEFEND from, against–I shall defend you from your enemy. I shall defend you against all attacks. 253. DEFICIENT in-He is deficient in learning (weak). 254. DEFER to-The discussion was deferred (put off) to the next meeting 255. (In) DEFERENCE to—In deference to his wishes, we arranged a lecture on the subject. 256. DELEGATE to –The power was delegated to (entrust) the subordinates. 257. DELIBERATE upon (discuss) — We deliberated long upon (considered) the matter. 258. DELETE from —-His name was deleted from (struck out) the list. 259. DELIGHT in, DELIGHTED at, with (COD) —He finds delight in books. He is delighted at or with the result. The child is delighted with his toys. 260. DELIVER to, from-Deliver the letter to him. He delivered (saved) me from the trouble. 261. DELVE into-You should delve into (make researches into) the old manuscripts for information. 262. DEMAND (a thing) from or of (a person); for (noun)-He demanded the amount from or of me. There is no demand for this product. 263. DEMUR to–I do not demur (object) to your request. 264. DEPEND upon–You can depend upon my word. 265. DEPENDENT on-He is dependent on me. 266. DEPRIVE of-He was deprived of all power. 267. DEPUTE to–He was deputed to attend the meeting. 268. DERIVED from–What is your income derived (got) from books? 269. DEROGATE from, DEROGATORY to-This will derogate from (or, This is derogatory to) his honour. 270. DESCEND from; DESCENDANT of–The Rajputs claim to be descended from (or descendants of) Sri Ramchandra. 271. DESERVING of-His conduct was deserving of praise. 272. DESIRE for, of-(POD); DESIROUS of-He has no desire for or of wealth. He is not desirous of wealth. 273. DESPAIR of- He despairs (is hopeless) of success. 274. DESIST from – He desisted from (gave up) the attempt. 275. DESTINED for, to-He is destined for or to that service. 276. DESTITUTE of-I am destitute (without) of any friend here. 277. DESTRUCTIVE of, to (POD) — Drinking is destructive of or to health. 278. DETACH from- He became detached (separated) from his friends. 279. DETER from—He was deterred (prevented) from going there. 280. DETERMINED on- –He is determined on going home 281. DETRACT from– This defect detracts (takes away) from his fame. 282. DETRIMENTAL to-Drinking is detrimental (injurious) to health. 283. DEVIATE from-I cannot deviate (go aside) from truth. 284. DEVOID of-Your story is devoid of (without) truth. 285. DEVOLVE upon, to (COD)–The charge of the family devolved (fell) upon me on my father’s death. The property devolved upon or to him. 286. DEVOTE to-Devote some time to prayer every day. 287. DIE of (a disease), by (violence or weapon), from (a cause), for (something)-He died of cholera; or by poison; or from overwork; or for his country. 288. DIFFER from, in, with, on, about-This thing differs from (is unlike) that in colour. I differ with (have a different opinion from) you on this point. Men differ in opinion about his conduct. 289. DIFFERENCE between; DIFFERENT from-What is the difference between the two? This thing is different from that. 290. DIFFIDENT of-I am diffident of success (doubtful). 291. DISAPPOINTED at, of, in, with (COD) -He was disappointed at your failure. He was disappointed of the prize. (i.e., did not get it at all). He was disappointed in the prize. (i.e., got the prize, but it did not satisfy him). I am disappointed with him. 292. DISAGREE with one on (a point)-I disagreed with him on that point. 293. DISCRIMINATE (one thing) from (another); between (two things), against (somebody)-You should discriminate good boys from bad ones. We discriminate between good and bad boys. Do not discriminate against the poor. 294. DISGRACE to-He is a disgrace to his family. 295. DISGUSTED with, at, by (COD)-I am disgusted with, or by, or at his conduct. He was disgusted with me. 296. DISLIKE to, for, of (POD & COD)- I have a dislike to (or for) the boy. I cannot shake off my dislike of him. DISPENSE with -I dispensed with (do without) his services. 297. DISPLEASED with (a person) at or by (his conduct) (POD)—I am displeased with him at or by his conduct. 298. DISPOSE of (finish)—Let us dispose of our work. 299. DISPUTE with (a person), about, on (a matter) — I had a dispute with him about (or on) that matter. 300. DISQUALIFIED for (a post), from (competing)–He is over-age, and is disqualified for (or from appearing at) the examination. 301. DISSENT from-I dissent from your views (differ). 302. DISSIMILAR to-This thing is dissimilar to that. 303. DISSUADE from-I dissuaded him from his purpose. 304. DISTASTE for-He has a distaste (aversion) for publicity. 305. DISTINCT from-“These families are distinct from one another.” 306. DISTINGUISH between, from, by—Distinguish between the two. I distinguished you from him by your dress. 307. DISTRACT from-The loud music distracted me from study. 308. DISTRUST of -There is reason for your distrust of him. 309. DIVERT from, to-The noise diverted (drew away) my attention from the book to the crowd. 310. DIVEST of–He was divested of all power (all power was taken away from him). 311. DIVIDE into parts, between, or among – It was divided into several parts. Divide the money between the two (or among the four) men present. 312. DOMINEER over-He domineers (rules) over the whole class. 313. DOUBT (n.) about, of; DOUBTFUL of-There is no doubt about or of his honesty. I am doubtful of his honesty. 314. DUBIOUS of or about-I feel dubious of his sincerity. He feels dubious about what to do next. 315. DUE to-No money is due to me (payable) from him. 316. DULL of (hearing), at (work)-He is dull of hearing. He is dull (slow) at Physics. 317. DWELL in (a place), upon (a subject)–He dwells in this house. He dwelt long upon (discuss) the subject. EAGER for, after, about (COD)-He is eager for (or after) fame, or about the result. 318. EASY of-He is easy of access. 319. EFFACE from -Exposure to sun and rain has effaced the inscription from the plaque. In course of time his memory effaced from my mind. 320. EGRESS from-The plan shows sufficient egress from the stadium. 321. EJECT from–Lava ejected from the volcano destroyed the village. 322. ELICIT from- I elicited (drew out) the information from him. 323. ELIGIBLE for-He is eligible for the post (qualified). 324. ELIMINATE from-He was eliminated from the tournament. 325. EMANATE from – Real strength emanates from learning. 326. EMBARGO on-The Government decided to lay an embargo on trade with enemy countries. 327. EMBARK at (a port), for (a destination), on, or in (a vessel), on (a task)-We have to embark at Bombay for London on or in the ship. The students embarked on a drive for donation of blood. 328. EMERGE from, into-The tiger emerged (came out) from the jungle into the open field. 329. EMIGRATE from; to-He emigrated from India. Many scientists emigrated to the U.S.A. 330. EMIT from -Smoke is emitted from the chimney. 331. ENAMOURED of (very fond of)-He is enamoured of this place. 332. ENCROACH on (one’s rights, territory, etc.)-Do not encroach on my land or right (enter without right). 333. ENCUMBER (one) with (something) – You should not be encumbered with unnecessary luggage when travelling. 334. END in-Vice must end (result) in misery. 335. ENDOWED with-He is endowed with (possesses) talents. 336. ENGAGED with (a person) on or in (some work) ; to- I was engaged in conversation with him. He is engaged on books (or, in work). My daughter is engaged (betrothed to) to his son. 337. ENJOIN on -This rule is enjoined (imposed) on all. 338. ENGROSSED in-He was deeply engrossed in his studies. 339. ENRAGED with, at-He is enraged with you for speaking against him. The bear is enraged at his keeper. 340. ENTER into (something) with (somebody), upon (a career), for (an examination or contest) He entered into conversation with me. He has entered upon his new duties. I have entered for the examination. Have you entered for the long jump? 341. ENTERTAINED by (a person) with (music) at (a party)-We were entertained by him with music at the party. 342. ENTITLED to-He is entitled to a reward for honesty. 343. ENTRUST with, to-I entrusted the thing to him. I entrusted him with the thing. 344. ENVY of (a person); of, at (advantages) (POD); ENVIOUS of-I have no envy (jealousy) of him. I have no envy at or of his success. I am not envious of his success. 345. EQUAL in (rank) with (a person) to (a task) ; EQUALLY with-I am equal in rank with you. I am not equal to (able to do) the task. He is to blame equally with his brother. 346. EQUIP (somebody) with (something) for (a purpose)-They equipped the boys with food and clothes for the journey. 347. EQUIVALENT to-One dollar is equivalent to rupees thirty in Indian currency. 348. ERASE from-The marks will have to be erased from the painting. 349. ERR in-The hunter erred in his calculations of the distance. 350. ESCAPE from-There is no escape from death. 351. ESSENTIAL to-Health is essential to success in life. 352. EVICT from-The tenants were evicted from the house for not paying the rent. 353. EXACT from-He exacted (drew out) promise from me. 354. EXCEL in- -He excels in painting . 355. EXCEPTION to ; (with the) EXCEPTION of-I take exception (object) to your remark. There is no exception to the rule. All were present with the exception of Ram. 356. EXCHANGE for, with-I often exchange ideas with him. What will you give me in exchange for this? EXCLUDE from; EXCLUSIVE of-Minors are excluded (kept out of) from the list of voters. The price of the thing is Rs. 100, exclusive of railway freight. 357. EXCUSE from, for-I excuse you from attendance. What is your excuse for failure? 358. EXEMPT from–He was exempted from the fine. 359. EXPECT from, of -I did not expect this from or of him. 360. EXPEL from–The man was expelled from the party. 361. EXPERT at, in-He is expert at the flute. He is expert in drawing. 362. EXPOSE to-Don’t expose it (keep open) to the sun. 363. EXTERNAL to –These are considerations external to the main issue. 364. EXTORT from-He tried to extort money from his friends. 365. EXTRACT (verb) from, (noun) of, from–Oil is extracted from cotton seed. The extract of the fruit tastes sweet. This is an extract from the poem `Paradise Lost’. 366. EXULT over (a person) at, in (his misfortune) —-He exulted over (rejoice exceedingly) meat or in my misfortune. 367. FAITH in, with-Have faith in God. He broke faith with me. 368. FAITHFUL to-The dog is faithful to its master.

Correct the following sentences, if necessary:

A) Using Wrong Preposition


1. I was absorbed at / with the book. 2. He was accused of murder. Are you accusing me with cheating? He was charged of / for murder. 3. I am not accustomed for getting up so early. He was used to smoke. They used to visiting me regularly. 4. He is afraid in his job. Raghib was afraid from/with the dog. 5. He aimed on/against the bird. He shot at the man. 6. She was annoyed with the rain. He was indignant at the beggar. 7. Parents are anxious about their children’s success. She is anxious for her health. 8. I arrived at London on Friday. We arrived to the airport in time. 9. Jui is ashamed for her conduct. The girl felt shy to me. 10. Muslims believe at/to Allah. 11. She got a lot of benefit with this change. Who is likely to benefit for his death? 12. He boasts for his riches. She’s always boasting with her children. 13. You should be careful for your health. 14. We came through land/sea/air. They go to school by foot. I met him in the train/bus/boat. I sat with her on the car. We met each other by the plane. 15. They always complain for this kind of bad weather. They complained against us with the police. 16. They lodged a complaint about us to the police. 17. Water is composed with/from hydrogen and oxygen. The class is composed by 50 students. 18. I have every confidence of/about your ability. I am telling you this for confidence. I am confident about success. 19. You should conform with the rules. We must comply at your request. 20. We congratulate you in your success. I congratulated her about standing first in the exam. I congratulate you at your thesis. 21. His family consists from six members. The team is consisting of six members. The board is consisted of ten directors. 22. The mountains were covered by snow. 23. This medicine will cure you from your cough. There is no cure of this disease. 24. I cannot rely to your ability. 25. This law will deprive us from our basic rights. 26. The man died from cholera. Many people died from hunger during the famine. Many soldiers died for battle/poverty. Many passengers died of their wounds. He may die of overwork. They died at violence. They died in their country. The child died by neglect. He died from the scaffold. He died in the stake. 27. My pen is different with yours. The two sisters are quite dif¬ferent from each other. His dress was different to mine. There is no difference in the two boys. 28. He was deeply disappointed in losing the game. My parents will be disappoint¬ed at me if I fail the exam. I was disappointed with his work. We were disappointed in our hopes. 29. Divide the cake in four parts. He divided the apple into half. The money will be equally divided into the three people. 15 divided with 3 is 5. A low wall divides our garden with theirs. 30. I have no doubt in/for his honesty. I am doubtful at her abili¬ty to pass the exam. 31. The girl was dressed with black. She was at / within black. 32. This is an exception of the rule. I enjoy every subject with the exception to Chemistry. 33. Can I exchange my dollars by pounds? I exchanged seats for Raghib. He gave me an apple in exchange of two bananas. 34. He failed at the exam. He failed the exam last year. 35. The jug is full with water. She filled the jug of water. He was filled by dread. 36. One day we shall be able to rid the world from this terrible disease. 37. I was glad with the news. He is glad of his exam results. 38. He is very good in mathematics. I am bad in drawing. He is very clever of making things. She is quick in learning. The boy is very slow of learning. He is weak in grammar. 39. You should guard from bad habits. The dog guarded the house from intruders. Be in your guard against thieves. 40. The jury found him guilty for murder. I feel guilty of breaking your cup. 41. Bangladesh became independ¬ent from Pakistan in 1971. Bangladesh gained independ¬ence of Pakistan in 1971. 42. He is indifferent at politics. I was totally indifferent with the cold. He showed complete indiffer¬ence at me. 43. He insisted to his innocence. He insisted to go abroad. He persisted on his foolish ideas. 44. He is not interested with/for his work. He takes a great interest at music. 45. He is very jealous with me. 46. We took leave from him. 47. Some birds feed / live from insects. 48. Look to this beautiful picture. He looks at his old parents. (= take care of) I am looking to a job. ( = trying to find) Please look in this script. ( = examine) I shall look in the matter.(= examine closely) He looks of me as his brother. ( = consider) 49. She was married with a doctor. Rina is engaged with Reza. 50. His house is opposite of/from ours. 51. He always plays with the Mohamedan. 52. Are you pleased for your car? I am pleased for his politeness. 53. He is very popular among his pupils. 54. I prefer coffee from/than tea. Death is preferable than dishonour. 55. Who will preside in the meeting? 56. He is very proud for his new car. He takes great pride at his son. 57. I am related with her by marriage. What is the relation in between you two? 58. He repented for his wickedness. She felt repentant about her sin. She has no repentance at her sin. 59. Are you satisfied for your result? He was content at what he had. I am delighted at my marks. She was displeased for the message. He was dissatisfied at that amount of money. They were disgusted at the noise. 60. This dress is similar with that. There is a lot of similarity in the two poems. His poetry has similarity with yours. 61. He sat on his desk to work. She sat down over the sofa/chair. He was sitting on an arm-chair. 62. He spends a lot of money for his clothes. They spend a lot of money in advertising. 63. He succeeded at his effort. After his death, his son will succeed in his property. She succeeded at the throne in 1952. 64. These mangoes are superior than/from those. This rice is inferior than that. He is senior from me by two years. I am junior than him by two years. 65. I am sure for his success. She was quite certain in it. 66. We were surprised for his reaction. I was amazed with her beauty. We were astonished with his calmness. 67. I suspect him for stealing my camera. I am suspicious with her intentions. 68. I took / held him with the hand. I caught him with the neck. I seized her with the arm. He grasped her with the waist. 69. The horse was tied with a tree. He was bound with the stake. 70. I am tired from walking. Runa is tired with boiled eggs. 71. Translate this passage to Bangla. Water turns to ice when it freezes. 72. He was trembling in/from cold. The thief was shaking in fear. The boys are shivering in cold. 73. She was warned with/about the danger. I warned him of his disobedience/fault. 74. He wrote the letter by a pen. She wrote the letter with ink. He is writing with chalk on the board. He is writing in a piece of chalk. The boy is writing by a pencil. The boy is writing with a pencil.


These are words that cause problems when the speaker is not able to distinguish between them. They are similar in meaning or pronunciation but cannot be used interchangeably. Learn the definition of each and its use before employing it in conversation.

1. ACCEPT (verb)—to take what is given. Professor Perez will accept the chairmanship of the humanities department.

2. EXCEPT (preposition)—excluding or omitting a thing or person. Everyone is going to the convention except Bob, who has to work.

3. ACCESS (noun)—availability, the way of gaining entrance. The teach¬ers had no access to the students’ files, which were locked in the principal’s office.

4. EXCESS (a) (adjective)—abundant, superfluous. We paid a sur¬charge on our excess baggage, (b) (noun)—extra amount. The demand for funds was in excess of the actual need.

5. ADVICE (noun)—opinion given to someone, counselling. If you heed the teacher’s advice, you will do well in your studies.

6. ADVISE (verb)—act of giving an opinion or counsel. The Congress advised the president against signing the treaty at that time.

7. AFFECT (verb)—to produce a change in. The doctors wanted to see how the medication would affect the patient.

8. EFFECT (a) (noun)—end result or consequence. The children suffered no ill effects from their long plane ride, (b) (verb)-produce as a result. To effect a change in city government we must all vote on Tuesday.

9. ALREADY (adverb)—an action that happened at an indefinite time before the present. Jan’s plane had already landed before we got to the airport.

10. ALL READY (noun + adjective)—prepared to do something. We are all ready to go boating.

11. AMONG (preposition)—shows a relationship or selection involving three or more entities. It was difficult to select a winner from among so many contestants.

12. BETWEEN (preposition)—shows a relationship or selection involving only two entities. Between writing her book and teaching, Mary Ellen had little time for anything else. Note: When between is followed by two nouns or noun phrases, the two nouns or noun phrases must be separated by and never by or.

13. BESIDE (preposition)—next to. There is a small table beside the bed.

14. BESIDES (preposition or adverb)—in addition to, also, moreover. I have five history books here besides the four that I left at home

15. ASIDE (adverb)—to one side. Harry sets money aside every payday for his daughter’s education.