P@ul’s Coaching Home নামে আমার একটা কোচিং সেন্টার ছিল। কোচিংয়ের স্টুডেন্টদের লেকচার শিট দিয়ে পরাতাম। কিছু শিট এখনও আমার কাছে রয়ে গেছে। সেগুলি এক-এক করে আপনাদের সাথে শেয়ার করছি। কিছু ভুল থাকতে পারে। ক্লাসে পড়ানোর সময় শিটের ভুলগুলি শুধরে দিতাম। তবে এখন সময়ের অভাবে সেটা করতে পারলাম না। আপনারা পড়ার সময় একটু কষ্ট করে শুধরে নিয়ে পড়বেন।
আরেকটা কথা। এক্সারসাইজগুলির কোনও সল্যুশন শিট আমি কখনওই বানাইনি। ক্লাসে ইন্সট্যান্টলি সল্ভ করে দিতাম। তাই, আপনাদের কষ্ট করে নিজে সল্ভ করে-করে পড়তে হবে।
Directions: A certain portion of the following sentences are underlined. If that portion is incorrect, then choose the best answer from the options. If no error exists, mark A on the answer sheet.
1.With the exception of Faruk and I, everyone in the class finished the assignment before the bell rang. (A) Faruk and I, everyone in the class finished (B) Faruk and me, everyone in the class finished (C) Faruk and me, everyone in the class had finished. (D) Faruk and I, everyone in the class had finished. (E) Faruk and me everyone in the class finished.
2.He has not only violated the law but also he has escaped punishment. (A) not only violated the law but also he has escaped punishment. (B) violated not only the law but also he has escaped punishment. (C) violated not only the law, but he escaped punishment. (D) not only violated the law but also escaped punishment. (E) not only violated the law but has escaped punishment.
3.Despite their avowed opposition to the strike, no one from among the dozens of nonunion workers were willing to cross the picket line. (A) from among the dozens of nonunion workers were willing (B) of the dozens of nonunion workers were willing (C) was willing from among the dozens of nonunion workers (D) from among the dozens of nonunion workers was willing (E) from the dozens of nonunion workers were willing
4.Many middle-class individuals find that they cannot obtain good medical attention, despite they need it badly. (A) despite they need it badly (B) despite they badly need it (C) in spite of they need it badly (D) however much they need it (E) therefore, they need it badly
5.Using it wisely, leisure promotes health, efficiency, and happiness. (A) Using it wisely (B) If used wisely (C) Having used it wisely (D) Because it is used wisely (E) Because of usefulness
6.The reason I came late to class today is because the bus broke down. (A) I came late to class today is because (B) why I came late to class today is because (C) I was late to class today is because (D) that I was late to class today is because (E) I came late to class today is that
7.Anyone interested in the use of computers can learn much if you have access to the ORACLE Computer Center. (A) if you have access to (B) if he has access to (C) by access to (D) if access is available to (E) from access to
8.Neither Mr Karim nor his friends is invited to speak at the seminar. (A) is invited to speak at the seminar (B) are invited to speak at the seminar (C) is speaking at the seminar (D) are speaking at the seminar (E) will speak at the seminar
9.Whatever he aspired to achieve, they were hindered by his jealous step-brothers. (A) Whatever he aspired to achieve, they (B) Whatever he had any aspirations to, they (C) Whatever aspirations he had (D) Whatever be his aspiration, they (E) Many of his aspirations and goals
10. Men’s interest in developing a cure for cancer have promoted the rapid advances in the field of genetic Engineering. (A) Men’s interest in developing a cure for cancer have promoted (B) Men’s interest for developing a cure for cancer has promoted (C) That man is interested in developing a cure for cancer have promoted (D) Interest in developing a cure for cancer have promoted (E) Men’s interest in developing a cure for cancer has promoted
11. The mistakes children make in learning to speak tell linguists more about how they learn a language than the correct forms they use. (A) how they learn a language than (B) how one learns a language than (C) how children learn language than do (D) learning language than (E) their language learning than do
12. A socioeconomic survey shows that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities. (A) no happier than do people living (B) not any happier than do people living (C) not any happier as do people who live (D) no happier than are people who are living (E) not as happy as are people who live
13. If the parent would have shown more interest, the daughter would have been in college today. (A) If the parent would have shown more interest (B) If the parent had shown more interest (C) If the parent would have shown more interest (D) Should the parent have shown more interest (E) If the parent would have been showing more interest
14. She never has and she never will do any work. (A) She never has and she never will do any work. (B) She never has and she will do no work (C) She never has and she will never do any work (D) Never has she and never will she do any work (E) She never has done and she never will do any work
15. The new contract forbids a strike by the workers union. (A) forbids a strike by the workers union (B) forbids the workers union (C) will forbids the workers union from striking (D) forbids that there be a strike by the workers union (E) will forbid the workers union from striking
16. The reason that Mr Chowdhury was always late was because he lived along the busiest road in the city and usually was involved in at least two traffic jams on his way to work. (A) The reason that Mr Chowdhury was always late was because he lived (B) The reason that Mr Chowdhury was always late was because he was living (C) Mr Chowdhury was always living (D) Mr Chowdhury was living and was late (E) Mr Chowdhury was always late because he lived
17. A good physician will perform not only a complete physical examination but also takes a
18. personal and family history of diseases. (A) A good physician will perform not only a complete physical examination but also takes a personal and family history of diseases. (B) A good physician not only performs a complete physical examination but also takes a personal and family history of diseases. (C) A good physician performs a complete physical examination, and also a personal and family history of diseases. (D) A good physician, performing a complete physical examination, also taking a personal and family history of diseases. (E) Not only a complete physical examination, a good physician also takes a personal and family history of diseases.
19. Shooting an arrow into the air, it fell into a crowded park & nearly injured a young boy playing football. (A) Shooting an arrow into the air, it fell into a crowded park and nearly injured a young boy playing football. (B) An arrow, shooting into the air, fell into a crowded park and nearly injured a young boy playing football. (C) A young boy in a park playing football was nearly injured by an arrow he was shooting into the air. (D) In a park, a young boy playing football, shooting an arrow into the air, was nearly injured. (E) An arrow shot into the air fell into a crowded park and nearly injured a young boy playing football.
20. It has been said that to be afraid of the dark is being afraid of all those things we cannot comprehend and, therefore, instinctively fear. (A) said that to be afraid of the dark is being afraid (B) said, that to be afraid of the dark, is being afraid (C) said that to be afraid of the dark is to be afraid (D) said being afraid of the dark is to be afraid (E) said that to be being afraid of the dark is to be being afraid
21. If I was the Prime Minister, I would call an immediate halt to the import of 2-stroke engines. (A) If I was the Prime Minister, I would call an immediate halt (B) If the Prime Minister, I would call an immediate halt (C) If I was the Prime Minister, I would immediately call a halt (D) If I were the Prime Minister, I would call an immediate halt (E) As Prime Minister, I would call an immediate halt
Correct the following sentences:
We wouldn’t mind to wait. The student may, with effort to pass the test. You had better don’t go alone. Would you let us the borrow your notes? If water freezes, it has become a solid. My paper has not typed. Is it them at the door again? I asked him who he was calling? A news was released about the incident. This room is more spacious as the other room.
1. INDIFFERENT:CONCERN :: (A) Unbigoted : Tolerance (B) Unnatural : Emotion (C) Variable: Change (D) Arrogant : Modesty (E) lntrepid :Bravery
2. SMILE : AMUSEMENT :: (A) Anger : Madness (B) Face : Expression (C) Yawn : Boredom (D) Dream : Sleep (E) Love : Ecstasy
3. HEART : PUMP :: (A) Head : Ache (B) Lungs : Collapse (C) Appendix : Burst (D) Stomach : Digest (E) Eyes : Sleep
4. CREST : WAVE:: (A) Crown : Tree (B) Basin : Water (C) Mountain : Range (D) Sand : Dune (E) River : Bed
5. ENTREPRENEUR : PROFITS :: (A) Philanthropist : Charity (B) Organizer : Union (C) Hermit : Lonely (D) Charlatan : Converts (E) Scholar : Knowledge
6. WORDS : WRITER:: (A) honor : thieves (B) mortar : bricklayer (C) chalk : teacher (D) batter : baker (E) laws : policeman
7. BIOGRAPHY : AUTOBIOGRAPHY :: (A) dead : living (B) testimony : confession (C) mobile : automobile (D) author : performer (E) memories : history
8. ABHOR : DISLIKE :: (A) chastise : punish (B) win : defeat (C) qualify : limit (D) ruin : damage (E) like : love
9. AFFLUENT: IMPOVERISHED:: (A) impecunious : needy (B) rich : poor (C) wealthy : opulent (D) sick : sad (E) sanguine : optimistic
10. COTTON: RAYON:: (A) sheets : dresses (B) synthetic : natural (C) summer : winter (D) natural : synthetic (E) gin : laboratory
11. HEART: HUMAN:: (A) tail: dog (B) hand: child (D) brick: wall (E) engine: car (C) kitchen: house
12. CONSTELLATION : STAR:: (A) sun: Milky way (B) telescope : astronomer (C) solar system :planet (D) quasar : comet (E) doctor : symptom
13. SINGER : CHORUS:: (A) architect : blueprint (B) author : publisher (C) actor : cast (D) teacher: student (E) driver : teacher
14. HANDWRITING : SIGNATURE:: (A) biographer : confession (b) painting : self-portrait (C) eulogy : speech (D) sculptor : model (E) sonnet : verse
15. LIABILITY : IMMUNITY :: (A) debit : credit (B) pardon : amnesty (C) real estate : property (D) fidelity : honesty (E) equinox : winter
Miscellaneous Grammar Items
1. The word CREDENTIAL is a/an: (A) Adverb (B) Verb (C) Adjective (D) Pronoun (E) Noun
2. Which part of speech the word AUXILIARY is? (A) Verb (B) Adverb (C) Noun (D) Pronoun (E) Adjective
3. An adverb usually answers which of the following questions? (A) to what degree (B) where (C) when (D) how (E) all of these.
4. The tense of a verb is related to: (A) place (B) person (C) degree (D) time (E) both A and B
5. Which mood is used to express a wish on a situation contrary to fact? (A) imperative (B) subjective (C) indicative (D) both A and B (E) all of these
6. When you specify a subject or an object, which article you should use? (A) a (B) an (C) the (D) both B and C (E) none of these
7. Indicate the silent word or words in the sentence: THANK YOU. (A) We (B) You (C) I (D) both A and C (E) none of these
8. Which of the following words is plural? (A) anybody (B) nobody (C) everyone (D) each (E) none of these
9. A conjunction is a part of speech that ___thoughts. (A) scrutinize (B) modifies (C) joins (D) describes (E) none of these
10. A noun that names a general class of persons, places, or things is a (an) ___. (A) perfect noun (B) common noun (C) general noun (D) proper noun (E) none of these
11. Which of the phrase is used in a negative sense? (A) a few (B) few (C) the few (D) both A and B (E) both A and C
12. Which of the following uses of the prepositions (to express time) is not correct? (A) See me again in three or four days. (B) Phone me at the lunch time. (C) I go for a walk in the evening. (D) What are you doing at Ramadan? (E) Come and see me at Eid-ul-Fitr.
13. Because every sentence must contain a subject & a verb, how many essential part(s) must every sentence have? (A) four (B) three (C) two (D) one (E) there is no hard and fast rule
14. “Home” is a common word for all of the following sentences. Which sentence is not correct? (A) I think I will go home. (B) Is anybody at home? (C) He visited my home yesterday. (D) Is anybody home? (E) I lived there for 10 years, but I never felt it was my home.
15. Which of the following uses of “according to” is not correct? (A) According to Zubayer, she is calm. (B) According to the law of the State, she did a crime. (C) According to Javed, she is beautiful. (D) According to me, she is right. (E) According to the law of demand, when the price of a cosmetic product goes up, holding everything else constant, she buys less of it.
1. ANECDOTE (A) antidote (B) article (C) anger (D) fable (E) ancestor
2. PERTURB (A) pretend (B) deregulate (C) agitate (D) tutor (E) arrive
3. REITERATE (A) reverend (B) dream (C) repeat (D) tremor (E) misery
4. RAMIFICATION (A) precision (B) consequences (C) report (D) cognizance (E) legality
5. INADVERTENT (A) unintentional (B) inadequate (C) inertia (D) inundate (E) ingest
6. EMOLUMENT (A) entertainment (B) excitement (C) reprimand (D) pay (E) praise
7. AUGMENT (A) shrink (B) plastic (C) contract (D) extend (E) slip
8. SUSTAINABLE (A) transient (B) endurable (C) relevant (D) useful (E) energetic
9. MALA FIDE (A) sincere (B) fine (C) honest (D) similar (E) none of these
10. INSOLVENT (A) liquid (B) obedient (C) bankrupt (D) sincere (E) smart
11. FEASIBLE (A) practicable (B) delineated (C) relevant (D) bounded (E) difficult
12. INGENUOUS (A) sophisticated (B) clever (C) cunning (D) naïve (E) none
13. ACUMEN (A) keenness (B) brilliance (C) swiftness (D) ferocity (E) none
14. UBIQUITOUS (A) affluent (B) omnipotent (C) omnipresent (D) resigning (E) none
15. CRYPTIC (A) obscure (B) written (C) copied (D) puzzling (E) none
After each sentence, select the word which best fills in the blank left in that sentence.
1. The children were so ____________ that the teacher had to yell to be heard.
A. truculent B. obstreperous C. morose D. discreet
2. Coach Calhoun tried to ___________ his team to try harder in the face of overwhelming odds.
A. flout B. instigate C. emulate D. exhort
3. I don’t think these flowers are __________ to New England. At least I’ve never seen them.
A. ingenuous B. fluent C. indigenous D. exigent
4. Roberto pretended to know a lot about the opera, but he was really just a ___________ .
A. dilettante B. supernumerary C. chimaera D. catalyst
5. The professor became so forceful, so _________ in his expression of opinions, that students began to leave his course.
A. dormant B. credible C. dogmatic D. lucid
6. Tashonda had read the book in a __________ fashion and couldn’t remember what she’d read.
A. truculent B. obstreperous C. cursory D. discreet
7. The older child had a reputation for ________ trouble in high school, but he calmed down in college.
A. mortifying B. appeasing C. curtailing D. instigating
8. The professor got in trouble for making __________ remarks about the Dean of Faculty.
A. benign B. pejorative C. pensive D. blithe
9. My uncle has never been to an art museum; in fact, when it comes to matters of art, my uncle is a real _________ .
A. patrician B. philistine C. martyr D. hedonist
10. The jury ___________ the mayor of all wrongdoing.
A. exonerated B. expatriated C. augmented D. subjugated
11. A __________ seemed to befall the entire community as it heard the horrid news.
A. malfeasance B. blasphemy C. largess D. malaise
12. A kind of ____________ seemed to occur when David graduated from high school. He became a serious student all of a sudden.
A. metamorphosis B. milieu C. epithet D. accolade
13. Esmerelda’s dissertation was on such an ___________ subject that no one could understand it.
A. equitable B. esoteric C. auspicious D. austere
14. Sherman’s hold on his job has become so _________ that no one is sure he’ll be working there next month.
A. serendipitous B. eminent C. putative D. tenuous
15. The UConn women basketball team’s perfect season ___________ in a championship win over Tennessee.
A. culminated B. fulminated C. fomented D. alleviated
16. The jury was able to see through the ___________ argument of the defence lawyers.
A. stoic B. palpable C. specious D. onerous
17. Maria was so _________ that she couldn’t follow even the simple directions on the cake box.
A. officious B. obtuse C. candid D. opulent
18. It’s not a good idea to take a balloon ride in _______ weather conditions.
A. onerous B. affable C. malleable D. adverse
19. The ___________ reason for moving our college campus downtown is that students will find it easier to get there — but I have my doubts.
A. putative B. tangible C. hermetic D. erudite
20. How my brother ever became a priest is an __________ to all of his high school friends.
A. idiosyncrasy B. antipathy C. enigma D. archetype
21. Benson’s essay was ____________ with punctuation errors of all kinds.
A. replete B. resolute C. opulent D. virulent
22. The prime minister bowed and scraped and behaved ___________ before the new queen.
A. resolutely B. ostensibly C. sinuously D. obsequiously
23. Rhonda’s behavior only _____________ an already bad situation.
A. obfuscated B. exacerbated C. preempted D. flouted
24. George had the ___________ to suggest that we hire a new coach.
A. discretion B. disdain C. surfeit D. temerity
25. The philosophy lecture was so predictable, so _________, that everyone fell asleep in five minutes.
A. ascetic B. banal C. astute D. ineffable
26. The Darwin couple ______________ upon their future for months before deciding to get married.
A. precluded B. deferred C. ruminated D. incited
27. The ____________ of the task before them would prove a challenge to their imagination and patience.
A. omen B. lethargy C. hiatus D. enormity
28. The mysterious, ____________ music floated through the trees and charmed the listeners.
A. ethereal B. esoteric C. sanguine D. viable
29. The ____________ facts of the matter were obvious to most of the witnesses.
A. perfunctory B. gratuitous C. salient D. bodacious
30. The first-grade teacher attempted to __________ his pupils in the virtues of playing fair.
A. stipulate B. edify C. exonerate D. comprise
31. In an attempt to _______ the effects of a bad year, farmers planted a second crop.
A. censure B. mitigate C. decimate D. obliterate
46. Students got together in a/an _____________, secretly conspiring to get rid of their instructor.
A. omnibus B. honorary C. autoclave D. conclave
47. The man’s arms were so ____________ that he could hardly wear shirts with sleeves.
A. hirsute B. antiseptic C. omnivorous D. copasetic
48. The __________ effects of sugar on one’s teeth is especially dangerous in one’s youth.
A. pervasive B. pernicious C. raucous D. mordant
49. Dogsbody’s _____________ criticism of our government’s mishandling of funds laid the groundwork for reform.
A. odious B. infirm C. salient D. trenchant
50. Gesualdo’s speech was nearly as ___________ as his fat little body.
A. egregious B. rotund C. dubious D. salubrious
51. The general had to respect the ___________ spirit of his old enemies; they would not give up.
A. iniquitous B. indomitable C. stringent D. spurious
52. The coach’s ___________ voice could be heard over all the other noise in the gymnasium.
A. strident B. mellifluous C. ingratiating D. sanguine
53. The lab technicians went through the titration process with __________ care.
A. mordant B. vestigial C. ribald D. sedulous
54. She got really tired of looking after the ____________ affairs of the farm.
A. motley B. mundane C. irascible D. felicitous
55. When Tarzan returned to civilization, people worried about his sometimes ___________ behavior.
A. fervent B. culpable C. feral D. pedantic
56. The diplomat’s ______________ demands caused him to be less than welcome at most restaurants.
A. peremptory B. arcane C. frugal D. pragmatic
57. The artist’s ____________ landscapes included gentle hills and streams, shepherds and flocks of sheep.
A. ravenous B. pejorative C. odious D. pastoral
58. The jackass is known for its stubborn, ___________ refusals to respond to commands.
A. latent B. recalcitrant C. turgid D. salubrious
59. Even the most uptight scholar delights in the _________ , coarse jokes in Chaucer’s “The Miller’s Tale.”
A. ribald B. serendipitous C. egregious D. gullible
60. The French monarchy was renowned for its __________ disregard for the common people.
A. solicitous B. litigious C. egregious D. bodacious
61. Charles’s tastes in music were __________ . He had recordings of classical, jazz, rock-and-roll, and heavy metal performers.
A. officious B. ubiquitous C. histrionic D. eclectic
62. The professor’s lecture was simply ________, and the students actually began to laugh.
A. inane B. ascetic C. affluent D. sedulous
63. He left his family, and I knew that he would someday ________ the day.
A. obliterate B. rue C. ossify D. augment
64. The nerves in our fingertips are wonderfully sensitive to __________ sensations.
A. insipid B. tacit C. idyllic D. tactile
65. Rinaldo was an _________ smoker and could not break the habit even when he was diagnosed with emphysema.
A. indolent B. inveterate C. dubious D. brusque
Fill in the Blanks
Instruction: The following sentences have certain segments which are to be filled from the following options provided. Select the correct option.
1. The pressure of population on available resources is the key to understanding history; consequently, any historical writing that takes no cognizance of ___ facts is ___ flawed. (A) demographic, intrinsically (B) ecological, marginally (C) cultural, substantively (D) psychological, philosophically (E) political, demonstratively
2. Because it is ___ to ___ all the business costs related to employee discontent, an accurate estimate of the magnitude of these costs is not easily calculated. (A) impossible, justify (B) improper, overlook (C) difficult, measure (D) useless, discover (E) necessary, pinpoint
3. Scientists who are on the cutting edge of research must often violate common sense and make seemingly ___ assumptions because existing theories simply do not ___ newly observed phenomena. (A) radical, confirm (B) vague, incorporate (C) absurd, explain (D) mistaken, reveal (E) inexact, corroborate
4. Because many of the minerals found on the ocean floor are still ___ on land, where mining is relatively inexpensive, mining the ocean floor has yet to become a ___ enterprise. (A) scarce, common (B) accessible, marginal (C) unidentified, subsidized (D) conserved, public (E) plentiful, profitable
5. Opponents of the expansion of the market economy, although in ____ continued to constitute ___ political force throughout the country. (A) error, an inconsequential (B) retreat, ab powerful (C) disarray, a disciplined (D) jeopardy, an ineffective (E) command, a viable
6. His ___ smile ___ all those who saw it. (A) devastating, blinded (B) penultimate, inured (C) radiant, obliged (D) sunny, tanned (E) bright, dazzled
7. According to recent studies, prices in supermarkets are considerably higher in the inner city, thus ___ the poor who receive assistance to buy the food. (A) reprimanding (B) intimidating (C) alleviating (D) assuaging (E) exploiting
8. Since there are so few conservative thinkers on the committee, their influence on its recommendations is ___. (A) monumental (B) negligible (C) discriminatory (D) impractical (E) cathartic
9. It has been proven that cockroaches ___ for several weeks even after their heads have been cut off. (A) are surviving ( B) can survive (C) surviving (D) that survive (E) survives
10. ___, the young man chose to retain his seat on the crowded bus and let the old woman remain standing. (A) Gleefully (B) Hopefully (C) Painfully (D) Foolishly (E) Selfishly
11. The ageing spinster was much ___ by the ___ of her favourite niece. (A) perplexed : attention (B} heartened : ministration (C) discouraged : propriety (D) enamored : ruminations (E) pleased : aloofness
12. Although Mujtaba dislikes crowd and social gatherings, his wife Shaila is quite ___. (A) gregarious (B) aloof (C) hostile (D) reclusive (E) estranged
13. I can think of nothing more ___ than arriving at the theatre and discovering that I had left the tickets at home. (A) viscous (B) banal (C) dramatic (D) traumatizing (E) vexatious
14. The plot of the story is so ___ that I can predict the outcome. (A) complicated (B) theoretical (C) significant (D) trite (E) fantastic
15. Only the fear of immediate ___ prevents that country from launching an attack. (A) retaliation (B) surrender (C) truce (D) control (E) disapproval
16. Even if you do not ___ what I have to say, I would appreciate your listening to me with an open mind. (A) anticipate (B) reject (C) clarify (D) deviate from (E) concur with
17. He was ___ success, writing not for the sake of fame, but for the sheer love of poetry. (A) indifferent to (B) destined for (C) eager for (D) tired by (E) charmed by
18. Paradoxically, Sharmeen, who had been a strict mother to her children, proved ___ teacher to her students. (A) a harsh (B) a lazy (C) a lenient (D) a cautious (E) an indecisive
Directions: For each word written in the capital letter, select a word having the similar meaning.
ANECDOTE (A) antidote (B) article (C) anger (D) fable (E) ancestor PERTURB (A) pretend (B) deregulate (C) agitate (D) tutor (E) arrive REITERATE (A) reverend (B) dream (C) repeat (D) tremor (E) misery RAMIFICATION (A) precision (B) consequences (C) report (D) cognizance (E) legality INADVERTENT (A) unintentional (B) inadequate (C) inertia (D) inundate (E) ingest EMOLUMENT (A) entertainment (B) excitement (C) reprimand (D) pay (E) praise AUGMENT (A) shrink (B) plastic (C) contract (D) extend (E) slip SUSTAINABLE (A) transient (B) endurable (C) relevant (D) useful (E) energetic MALA FIDE (A) sincere (B) fine (C) honest (D) similar (E) none of these INSOLVENT (A) liquid (B) obedient (C) bankrupt (D) sincere (E) smart FEASIBLE (A) practicable (B) delineated (C) relevant (D) bounded (E) difficult INGENUOUS (A) sophisticated (B) clever (C) cunning (D) naïve (E) none ACUMEN (A) keenness (B) brilliance (C) swiftness (D) ferocity (E) none UBIQUITOUS (A) affluent (B) omnipotent (C) omnipresent (D) resigning (E) none CRYPTIC (A) obscure (B) written (C) copied (D) puzzling (E) none VINDICTIVE (A) revengeful (B) strategic (C) demonstrative (D) bigoted (E) none ARTICULATE (A) aware (B) disjoined (C) intelligible (D) affirm (E) none CARCINOGEN (A) cardiac (B) cancer-causing (C) gastric (D) anemia (E) none INDOMITABLE (A) adequate (B) improper (C) doctrine (D) unconquerable (E) none MENTOR (A) mental (B) guide (C) machine (D) orator (E) none VELOCITY (A) money (B) wind (C) speed (D) volume (E) none
Directions: In the following questions, each sentence has a word or phrase underlined. Below each sentence is five other words or phrases. You are to choose the one word or phrase that would best keep the meaning of the original sentence if it were substituted for the underlined word.
1. She was an unlikely candidate for the position. (A) unpopular (B) unnatural (C) risky (D) improbable (E) unqualified
2. The upheaval caused by the Cabinet resignations made it difficult for the government to function efficiently. (A) slow-down (B) resentment (C) disruption (D) uprising (E) in-fighting
3. The result of the test was quite unambiguous. (A) clear (B) doubtful (C) surprising (D) illegal (E) vague
4. People living in the border areas of Bangladesh are often intimidated by the border security forces. (A) encouraged (B) frightened (C) inspired (D) attracted (E) attacked
5. With costs threatening to get out of hand, the government placed a ceiling on expenditures in all departments. (A) minimum limit (B) cover (C) maximum limit (D) roof (E) ban
6. The news eventually filtered through to the office staff. (A) made its way to (B) was known by all (C) surprised (D) burst through (E) walked away
7. His poor health is the main stumbling block. (A) anxiety (B) worry (C) danger (D) disaster (E) obstacle
8. I cannot put up with his behaviour. (A) understand (B) tolerate (C) have in my home (D) control (E) comply with
9. The two firms were amalgamated last year. (A) started doing business (B) became friendly (C) were united (D) were split (E) were disrupted.
10. Hurry up, or else you will be late. (A) because (B) however (C) therefore (D) at least (E) otherwise
11. The meaning of the phrase put up with means: (A) comply with (B) control (C) tolerate (D) understand (E) have in my home
12. The jurist went on arguing nonetheless. (A) just in case (B) in spite of everything (C) just as much (D) regardless of the consequences (E) None of these
13. The unfortunate father found it difficult to put up with his son’s behaviour. (A) understand (B) tolerate (C) have in my home (D) control (E) None of these
14. His poor health is the main road block to his promotion. (A) obstacle (B) worry (C) danger (D) disaster (E) none of these
15. Because of inclement weather, the meeting has been deferred till next Monday. (A) putt off (B) put out (C) put down (D) put by (E) none of these
16. Meteorologists are at odds over the working of tornadoes. (A) mystified (B) in disagreement (C) up in arms (D) in disarray (E) against
Direction: For each of the following questions, choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the original sentence. Note that some of the choices may be factually correct but you should choose the one that is the closest restatement of the given sentence.
1. Admission requirements are sometimes complicated and differ from University to University. (A) Each university is required to have its own unique admission policy. (B) It must be admitted that requirements are very difficult for students at every university. (C) There are complex differences in requirements for students to be admitted from one university to another. (D) Every university has its own policy regarding admission. (E) Each university admission requirement is complicated and different.
2. The M P (Member of Parliament) pledged support for all legislation aimed at reducing the tax burden on the middle class. (A) The MP has voted for all bills to help the middle class pay their pay their taxes. (B) The MP has won the votes of the middle class by pledging to support their tax legislation. (C) The MP promised to back any bills that would increase the ability of the middle class to pay their taxes. (D) The MP called on his audience to support more laws to lessen the tax burden on the middle class. (E) The MP promised to reduce the tax burden on the middle class.
3. One of the most important requirements for starting one’s own business is adequate capital. (A) The primary source of success for a new business is adequate capital. (B) One’s own business constitutes one of the most important ways of making adequate use of capital. (C) Adequate capital is one of the basic necessities for anyone going into business on his own account. (D) The one essential need for initiating business venture is adequate capital. (E) One cannot start one’s own business without adequate Capital
4. Contrary to popular belief, physical adaptation to living at high altitudes is environmental and not transmitted genetically. (A) In spite of the widespread opinion to the contrary, it is environmental rather than inherited influences that help people to adapt to living at great altitude. (B) Most people do not realize the role geneticists play in transmitting high-level environmental policy. (C) Although it is not popular to say so, belief relating to high altitude living are environmental and not genetic. (D) The fact that physical adaptation to high altitude can be transmitted from one generation to the next is contrary to what is generally thought. (E) Most people do not want to believe than physical adaptation to living at high altitude is en¬vironmental and not genetic.
5. MBA students must select a major area of study at the beginning of their fourth semester or after completing forty-five hours of credit. (A) Once at least one of the two criteria has been met MBA students are required to choose a major. (B) MBA’s major of study must be determined by the time they complete either forty-five hours of credit or their fourth semester. (C) MBA student must choose their majors on the basis of credits earned during their first three semesters of study. (D) MBA’s are required to select their major after completing the third semester. (E) A major must be chosen between the time an MBA student has completed his or her third semester and has earned forty-five credits.
Instructions: Each question below consists of a word in capital letters followed by five words or phrases. Choose the option that is most opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters.
FLUCTUATE (A) work for (B) flow over (C) follow from (D) remain steady (E) cling together FUMBLE (A) organize nearly (B) say clearly (C) prepare carefully (D) handle adroitly (E) replace immediately MUTTER (A) please oneself (B) resolve conflict (C) speak distinctly (D) digress randomly (E) omit willingly UNPREDICTABLE (A) sensitive (B) complaint (C) dependable (D) mature (E) laudable PLASTICITY (A) purify (B) agility (C) rigidity (D) sternness (E) massiveness BOMBASTIC (A) understated (B) unimpressive (C) derivative (D) enigmatic (E) complex TRIVIAL (A) innocent (B) refuse (C) dark (D) significant (E) repeat PERIPHERAL (A) cordial (B) inaugural (C) immoral (D) cyclical (E) central MALIGN (A) cease (B) drenched (C) reply (D) praise (E) worthless COHERENT (A) soaked (B) inundate (C) trapped (D) stealthily (E) illogical EFFICACY (A) inmate (B) intimacy (C) dark (D) inefficiency (E) applaud ALLEVIATE (A) scatter (B) approve (C) darken (D) aggravate (E) alter RESCIND (A) recession (B) agree (C) aspire (D) revoke (E) none of these AMALGAMATE (A) equip (B) separate (C) generate (D) materialize (E) None CANDID (A) vague (B) secretive (C) experienced (D) anxious (E) None DESPICABLE (A) steering (B) inevitable (C) incapable (D) worthy of esteem (E) None GRANDIOSE (A) false (B) ideal (C) simple (D) proud (E) None UNTENABLE (A) rented (B)maintainable (C) occupied (D) permanent (E) None DEBACLE (A) debate (B) decide (C) success (D) discord (E) none REALISM (A) finale (B) antagonist (C) modern (D) romanticism (E) none ANEMIC (A) acidic (B) lackluster (C) sparkling (D) escape (E) none REVOKE (A) establish (B) remove (C) retain (D) escape (E) none BONA-FIDE (A) honest (B) spurious (C) similar (D) bondage (E) none
Direction: Each capital letter word below is followed by a set of works. Select the pair that is closely similar to & opposite in meaning (similar…… opposite) of the capital lettered word
DIFFUSE (A) spread…concentrate (B) gossip……..rumor (C) spread……..disseminate (D) disperse…….disseminate (E) explain…….illustrate INCIDENTAL (A) accidental……..supportive (B) auxiliary……..mandatory. (C) chance……….deliberate (D) ancillary ……..supportive. (E) explain……illustrate EXPEDITE (A) retard…….exemplify (B) hinder …..hasten (C) inhibit…..hasten (D) expound……. delineate (E) quicken …….hinder RECEPTIVE (A) pride …… prejudice (B) perception ……. poignant (C) perceptive……prejudiced (D) prejudice ….. pride (E) poignant….. perception SUSTAINABLE (A) maintain……..succumb (B) maintain ………nourish (C) suspend……..succumb(D) succumb……….maintain (E) neglect…….vanish